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Archive for June, 2014

June 18, 2014

Know the Parts of Your Teeth

Have you ever wondered what makes up a tooth? Each part of a tooth has unique functions and properties. Simple Steps to Better Dental Health lists major parts of tooth anatomy, including enamel, dentin, cementum, root(s) and the root canal chamber(s) inside the tooth. Damaged teeth, especially teeth with cracked or eroded enamel, are very susceptible to cavities. Advanced gum disease, another oral health condition that threatens tooth health, attacks the bone of the teeth and may cause tooth loss. Understanding the function of each part of a tooth and the steps required to keep teeth healthy with home care and regular checkups are important components of oral health education for you and your family.

Tooth Enamel

Tooth enamel is a protective barrier that surrounds the visible part of the tooth. It is composed of strong minerals, including calcium phosphate. Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and healthy enamel is resistant to cavity-causing bacteria. Because of its mineral composition, tooth enamel is translucent. Fortunately, enamel can be strengthened. Fluoride, a common mineral, helps replenish deficits in tooth enamel. Parents can help replenish enamel at home with toothpastes that contain fluoride. Dentists also offer special fluoride treatments. These are commonly administered to children to help keep their teeth strong and free from cavities.

Dentin

Dentin is found underneath the enamel surface of the tooth and underneath the cementum that forms along a tooth’s roots. Made of living cellular material and tissue, dentin is what makes up the majority of a tooth’s structure. Dentin is a bone-like substance that contains microscopic tubules. Unlike enamel, exposed dentin is highly susceptible to the bacteria that cause dental cavities and can cause tooth sensitivity.

Cementum

Cementum is a coating that surrounds the roots of teeth and is similar to enamel, but softer. Cementum assists with root stability by attaching to the fibers that anchor the tooth in the jawbone.

Roots

Much as a tree’s roots help anchor it in the ground, a tooth’s roots anchor it in the jawbone. This allows teeth to withstand the force of biting and chewing food on a daily basis. According to the American Academy of Periodontology, one major threat to the health of a tooth’s roots is periodontal disease. This oral care disease is caused by bacteria in the dental plaque invading the gum tissue and supporting bone, thus leading to destruction of the bone holding the tooth or teeth in place. Tooth roots are integral to maintaining dental health. Even children can develop gum disease. Maintaining healthy oral hygiene practices — including thorough flossing and brushing — is an easy way to keep mouths healthy with home care. Regular dental cleanings for you and your family will also combat tartar and, ultimately, gum disease.

Root and Pulp Canals

Located inside the tooth in a hollow chamber is the root or pulp canal. A tooth may have one root and many premolar and molar teeth may contain two or three roots. It houses cellular material including pulp and the tooth’s roots. This area of the tooth is extremely sensitive and is responsible for providing the blood flow and nutrients that are necessary to keep teeth alive. When this area is damaged or infected by extensive decay and trauma, root canal treatment is often necessary to save a tooth from extraction.

Learning about the basics of tooth anatomy will help you understand how oral health conditions form so that you can teach your children healthy dental habits. Explaining the unique biological makeup of teeth to your kids can also be a fun and productive way to introduce biological concepts in an easy-to-understand format.


June 18, 2014

Beavercreek City Schools recently recognized nine individuals with 2013-14 Outstanding Educator Awards.

Beavercreek City Schools recently recognized nine individuals with 2013-14 Outstanding Educator Awards.

Educators may be nominated for this honor by students, parents, fellow staff members or members of the school district community.  A committee of parents, teachers and administrators evaluates candidates based on guidelines established by Phi Delta Kappa, an international professional fraternity for men and women in education, and selects one winner from each school building.  Instructional ability, educational accomplishment, professional attributes, community involvement and consideration for student needs and morale are chief considerations.
Honorees must be licensed educators, and may serve the district as teachers, librarians, counselors, school nurses, speech pathologists or administrators.  Recipients of the 2013-14 award include:

·         Beavercreek High School – Paige Rizzotte, Special Education Language Arts and Social Studies

·         Ankeney Middle School – Kristine Montague, 8th grade Intervention Specialist

·         Coy Middle School – Sheri Steeber, 7th grade Math teacher

·         Fairbrook Elementary School – Courtney Youngs, Kindergarten teacher

·         Main Elementary School – Tracy Moorhead, 4th grade teacher

·         Parkwood Elementary School – Leah Mosser, Preschool teacher

·         Shaw Elementary School – Kristen Sines, 1st grade teacher

·         Trebein Elementary School – Kelly Rice, 1st grade teacher

·         Valley Elementary School – Bonita Cochran, 3rd grade teacher

These outstanding educators will be recognized by the Beavercreek Board of Education at its June 19 meeting.  Beavercreek Schools began its Outstanding Educator recognition program in 1979. 

Fairbrook Kindergarten Teacher Courtney Youngs

Fairbrook Kindergarten Teacher Courtney Youngs

Valley Third Grade Teacher Bonita Cochran

Valley Third Grade Teacher Bonita Cochran

 


June 18, 2014

The Word on Dental Sealants…

Dental sealants act as a barrier to prevent cavities. They are a plastic material usually applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (premolars and molars) where decay occurs most often.

Thorough brushing and flossing help remove food particles and plaque from smooth surfaces of teeth. But toothbrush bristles cannot reach all the way into the depressions and grooves to extract food and plaque. Sealants protect these vulnerable areas by “sealing out” plaque and food.

Sealants are easy for your dentist to apply. The sealant is painted onto the tooth enamel, where it bonds directly to the tooth and hardens. This plastic resin bonds into the depressions and grooves (pits and fissures) of the chewing surfaces of back teeth. The sealant acts as a barrier, protecting enamel from plaque and acids. As long as the sealant remains intact, the tooth surface will be protected from decay. Sealants hold up well under the force of normal chewing and may last several years before a reapplication is needed. During your regular dental visits, your dentist will check the condition of the sealants and reapply them when necessary.

The likelihood of developing pit and fissure decay begins early in life, so children and teenagers are obvious candidates. But adults can benefit from sealants as well.
Key ingredients in preventing tooth decay and maintaining a healthy mouth are:

  • brushing twice a day with an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste
  • cleaning between the teeth daily with floss or another interdental cleaner
  • eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks
  • visiting your dentist regularly

See ADA’s Dental Sealant Video

 

 


June 4, 2014

Survey Says: Lack of Activity is Child’s Top Health Risk

Lack of exercise is No. 1 in a top 10 list of health concerns facing kids, according to a survey of adults across the United States.

The University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health offers its annual top 10 list, in which a nationwide sample of adults was asked to identify the top 10 biggest health concerns for kids in their communities.

For the first time, not enough exercise was rated by most adults at the top of the list (39 percent). That was followed closely by childhood obesity (38 percent), and smoking and tobacco use (34 percent).

“Childhood obesity remains a top concern, and adults know it is certainly linked to lack of exercise,” says Matthew M. Davis, director of the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health. “The strong perception that lack of exercise is a threat to children’s health may reflect effective recent public health messages from programs such as First Lady Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” campaign.

“But adequate exercise offers many more benefits other than weight loss or preventing obesity—such as better attention and learning in school and improved sense of well-being,” says Davis, associate professor of pediatrics and internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School and associate professor of public policy at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy.

The rest of the poll results are:
4. Drug abuse (33 percent)
5. Bullying (29 percent)
6. Stress (27 percent)
7. Alcohol abuse (23 percent)
8. Teen pregnancy (23 percent)
9. Internet safety (22 percent)
10. Child abuse and neglect (20 percent)

“The strong connection of many of the top 10 child health concerns to health behaviors among children and adolescents underscores the importance of public programs and communication initiatives—for example, those designed to prevent drug abuse, tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and teen pregnancy,” Davis says.

Community concerns

The poll’s results varied based on race/ethnicity. Hispanic adults were more likely to rate childhood obesity first (44 percent), followed by not enough exercise (38 percent), and also rated drug abuse higher than smoking and tobacco use.

Black adults had higher levels of concern about smoking and tobacco use, ranking that most often (43 percent). They also had high levels of concern about racial inequality, ranking it seventh on the list, and gun-related injuries, ranking that ninth.

Black and Hispanic adults both identified sexually transmitted infections as a greater concern for kids in their communities than did white adults.

“Child health varies across communities, and these results emphasize a need for local programs that respect and address community-specific health priorities for youth,” Davis said.

The C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health is funded by the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases and the University of Michigan Health System.

The report presents findings from a nationally representative household survey conducted exclusively by GfK Custom Research, LLC for C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital via a method used in many published studies.

The survey was administered in May 2012 to a randomly selected, stratified group of 2,144 adults age 18 or older from GfK’s web-enabled Knowledge

Lack of exercise is No. 1 in a top 10 list of health concerns facing kids, according to a survey of adults across the United States..

Lack of exercise is No. 1 in a top 10 list of health concerns facing kids, according to a survey of adults across the United States..

Panel, which closely resembles the US population. The sample was subsequently weighted to reflect population figures from the Census Bureau.

The survey completion rate was 62 percent among panel members contacted to participate. The margin of error is ±2 to 4 percentage points and higher among subgroups.


June 1, 2014

Congratulations to the Class of 2014!

More than 560 students graduated from Beavercreek High School on Saturday, May 31, with 205 earning Honors Diplomas.  Eighty-nine percent intend to continue their studies at the college or university level.
waving grad

June 5, 2014

Good Oral Health May Aid Athletes

There may be an incentive for athletes to maintain good oral health.

According to experts at the Oral Health and Performance conference, good oral health boosts performance by athletes. The reason is when an athlete’s oral health isn’t at optimal levels, his or her ability to train is hampered.

Dentists and doctors are starting to focus on boxing, based on the research from this conference and others. As a result, British boxers are starting to undergo regular dental checks. The early results have been beneficial.

A report in the British Journal of Sports Medicine demonstrated that 20 percent of the athletes at the London Olympic Games were adversely impacted by oral health issues.

Swollen gums and tooth pain may cause problems sleeping. If an athlete, just like any other person, has gum disease, there’s also a higher risk of other health problems like type 2 diabetes.

Conversely, it takes more than just good oral health to be a world-class athlete. But if someone who is already a top athlete has good oral health, he or she may get that marginal edge that some of his or her competitors don’t have.

This information came to light after it was determined that the oral health of many of the athletes from the London Olympic Games was not up to par.0414_health


June 5, 2014

Can Snail Teeth Improve Battery Tech, Solar Cells?

Can biominerals sourced from snails improve lithium-ion batteries and solar cell concentration?

According to researchers at the University of California, Riverside, the hunt for ways to improve battery energy storage and recharging, as well as the sunlight capture and concentration in solar cells, could be found in the strangest of places.

Assistant Professor David Kisailus, who has been studying a marine snail found off the U.S. coast called the chiton, has found that the snail’s teeth—constantly worn down by rasping algae off rocks and then replaced by further rows—could hold the key for improving our battery technology. The teeth, which contain the hardest-known biomineral magnetite, undergo an interesting process to become hard enough to cope with gnawing on rocks, as Wards auto summarizes:

“Hydrated iron-oxide (ferrihydrite) crystals first nucleate on a fiber-like chitinous (complex sugar) organic template. These nanocrystalline ferrihydrite particles convert to a magnetic iron oxide (magnetite) through a solid-state transformation.”

In other words, biominerals grow alongside organic matter in the snail’s magnetic mouth, and convert to magnetite. However, what makes the process interesting to the researcher is that this system can take place at room temperature. By reducing the heat necessary to form nanocrystals, you reduce the energy required and more importantly, the cost.

Although commercial testing is not yet underway, Kisailus is using the snail’s biomineralization process to grow minerals that are used in both lithium-ion batteries and solar cells.

Chiton Snail

Chiton Snail


June 5, 2014

First Implant May Have Been Discovered

A tooth found in France may prove to be a historic discovery.

Scientists believe the tooth could be the first dental implant in recorded history. The tooth was found in northern France and could be about 2,300 years old, dating back to the Iron Age. Archeologists discovered the tooth in the corpse of woman who was thought to be in her 20s when she died.

The tooth is thought to have been used for decorative purposes to make the body look more attractive. An iron implant in a live person would have caused extreme pain.

The corpse was discovered and excavated in 2009 but was not preserved well. The teeth were in the correct anatomical position despite the condition of the body. A metal pin was then located alongside the teeth.

In those days, people believed that a person’s corpse should still look good and his or her status was related to the way he or she appeared—even after death.  Based on the early information, researchers think this implant precedes the implant that was previously thought to be the oldest by about 400 years. That tooth was found in France, as well, during the 1990s.
0614_implant


August 7, 2014

Make Your Appointment Before the School Year Begins!

accepting-new-patients-icon2Now is the time to schedule appointments before the school year.  Start off the year with clean, bright and white teeth!   Our office  is accepting new patients from this fine community.  We look forward to meeting many of you this year.  Please do not hesitate to call 937-427-1749 with any questions regarding your dental health and to make an appointment.